Artemisia Research Programme

Head Artemisia Research

Name: Dr. U. L. Arunah
email address:


The Artemisia Research Programme conducts research on the genetics improvement and production technologies of Artemisia, as well as the production technologies of all horticultural crops, particularly vegetables and fruits of commercial and local importance in the Northwest zone of Nigeria. By so doing, it is expected that the following benefits will accrue to the people and the national economy.

i. Improved nutrition, especially through adequate intake of essential minerals and vitamin.

ii. Supplemental and regular incomes for small scale vegetable and tree growers.

iii. Production of the mandated crop produce for local and foreign market trade.

iv. Increased production of raw materials for the relevant processing industries.

v. Enhanced employment opportunities through the value chain.



The mandate of the Artemisia Research Programme is understood in the context of the research and extension mandates of the Institute for Agricultural Research (IAR), Zaria

i. Genetic Improvement.

ii. Improvement in the productivity of the entire Artemisia crop - based farming in North West zone of Nigeria.

iii. Maintaining a strong extension liaison with Federal and State Ministries of Agriculture, agro - based industries, Agricultural Development Projects, Pharmaceutical companies and end users of research outcomes.

iv. Providing laboratory and other technical services to agricultural organizations farmers, agro - based industries and others .

v. Adequate farmland and infrastructure for field research.



i. Recommendation of twelve (12) high yielding tomato varieties (SAMTOM 1-12).

ii. Recommendation of four (4) onion varieties that are high yielding, low bolting and with better storage (SAMONI 1-4).

iii. Identification of four pepper cultivars (Ex - Hunkuyi 1, Ex - Samaru 3, Ex - Samaru 4 and Ex - Giwa 4) that are moderately susceptible to pepper veinal mottle virus.

iv. Identification of three okra varieties (Basawa 1, NHAe-47-4 and NHAe-2511) that are moderately resistant of okra mosaic Tymovirus.

v. Maintenance and expansion of Mango, Guava, Cashew, Grapevine, Apple, Kolanuts, Avacado pear, and Pawpaw orchards, and establishment of new ones (Oil palm, banana and Moringa).


Horticultural Crops Research

Research in the area of horticulture, particularly of fruit and vegetable crops, have been important component of Institute's work from pre - colonial to the times. The importance of such fruits vlike mango and citrus as well as vegetable like onions, tomato and peppers in the savanna zones has always been considered among priority projects of the Institute.


OBJECTIVES: Identify and resolve constraints in the production and utilization of horticultural crops, particularly in the north - west zone of Nigeria.



i. Adapted high yielding fruit and vegetables varieties.

ii. Recommendation for appropriate crop production technologies.

iii. Increased production level for fruits and vegetables for fresh and industrial uses.

iv. Improved human nutrition through adequate provision of fresh fruits and vegetables.




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